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MAY IS NATIONAL NATIONAL EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION MONTH #2: WHAT ARE THE KEY COMPENTENTS OF EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION?

We can narrow it down to three key components:


  1. Sending Communication

  2. Receiving Communication

  3. Feedback


1. Sending Communication:

  -  When sending communication, the sender must first identify the purpose of the message and consider the audience's needs and preferences. This involves understanding the audience's background, knowledge level, cultural context, and any potential barriers to effective communication.

   - The sender then formulates the message, choosing appropriate language, tone, and style to convey the information clearly and effectively. It's crucial to use language that the audience can understand and relate to, avoiding jargon or technical terms unless necessary and the audience is familiar with them.

   - Selecting the right communication channel is also important. Whether it's verbal (face-to-face, phone calls) or written (emails, memos), the medium should align with the message and the audience's preferences.

   - Lastly, the sender should consider the timing of the communication and ensure that the message is delivered in a timely manner.


2. Receiving Communication:

   - Active listening is the cornerstone of receiving communication effectively. It involves not only hearing the words spoken but also paying attention to non-verbal cues such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice.

   - It's important to give the speaker your full attention and refrain from interrupting or formulating a response before fully understanding their message.

   - Clarifying questions can be helpful to ensure that you've correctly interpreted the message. This demonstrates engagement and a genuine interest in understanding the speaker's perspective.

   - Paraphrasing or summarizing the speaker's message can also be useful to confirm understanding and show empathy.


3. Feedback:

   - Feedback is essential for closing the loop in communication and ensuring that messages are accurately transmitted and understood. It allows both the sender and the receiver to clarify any points of confusion, correct misunderstandings, and improve future communication.

   - Feedback can be verbal, such as providing comments or asking questions, or non-verbal, such as nodding or using facial expressions to indicate understanding.

   - Constructive feedback should be specific, actionable, and delivered respectfully. It's important to focus on the message rather than criticizing the individual.

   Receiving feedback gracefully is just as important as giving it. Feedback is an opportunity for growth and learning, so being open-minded and receptive to it is key to improving communication skills over time.


By understanding and practicing each component — sending communication effectively, actively receiving communication, and providing constructive feedback — individuals can enhance their overall communication skills and foster better understanding and collaboration in personal and professional settings.


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